(My Middle East)

77 days with a journalist, Lebanon, and a list of non sequiturs

Archive for June 28th, 2009

Summer reading Vol. 3 | From Beirut to Jerusalem

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The third book on my summer reading list was From Beirut to Jerusalem by Thomas Friedman. Some of you may know that I particularly dislike Friedman’s current Op-Ed pieces where he parachutes into a city and makes outlandish claims. But this book, does not fall into that category. Apparently there are definitive good Friedman and bad Friedman eras.

To start off this book is not the place to go for a primer on Lebanon or even Beirut. Friedman has relatively little to offer that isn’t covered better elsewhere when it comes to understanding the state of Lebanon. I would recommend Fisk or Mackey for that.

From Beirut to Jerusalem is a bit like extended Op-Ed pieces on several different topics, which is what he’s best at. In the Beirut section Friedman tackles the PLO, particularity Arafat, Beirut psychology, and the nature of Middle East governments in general. His ability to explain things in a way a Western audience understands is the selling point of his writing, it particularly shines through when he explains the reasoning behind government decisions in the Middle East, what he calls “Hama rules.” That being said the Beirut section is defeintly the weakest part of the book, it is often repetitive with writing on Lebanon and the Palestinians thats covered in more depth elsewhere.

It’s in the section on Jerusalem that Friedman’s best comes through. Friedman is Jewish himself and its something that he doesn’t hide when reporting or writing and thats what make this section so valuable. He analyzes the composition of the Israeli state, its search for identity and tumultuous relationship with American Jews. Friedman conveys this so well because they are all things that he has an intensely personal relationship with. You can feel the ups and downs of his personal relationship with Israel in his writing, and he doesn’t shy away from injecting his own thoughts into the writing. I rarely felt these personal additions took away anything from the book, his writing is by no means a historical account of anything, but like a good Op-Ed piece a different way of looking at a subject. Its very readable and would be a good starting point for approaching the reading

Heres some of the key points I pulled from the book, according to Friedman. This was published in 1989 but much of it holds true today:

  • Arafat was hopelessly locked between unhelpful Arab governments and a base of support with unrealistic goals. It was the West Bank Intifada that represented a realistic and natural Palestinian resistance
  • PLO failed to make any settlement when they had the chance. Their leadership was hopelessly disorganized.
  • Tribalism and self preservation guide most decision making by Middle East governments. Their history is one where the most powerful man must be ready to ruthlessly defend his honor, property and territory and are ready now to do the same. Friedman compares this way of self preservation to the rationale behind brutal suppression of dissidents in a rulers country, like the Hama massacre.
  • Labor and Likud really aren’t that much different.
  • Israel lacks its own definitive identity and can’t be a serious player in making peace and determining another states identity until it figures out who it is. The differences between secular Israelis, Orthodox Jews, messianic Zionists, and ultra-Orthodox is what keeps the country do divided, particularly on the peace plan.
  • Unusual and often resentful relationship between American Jews and Israeli Jews, both blame each other for not living up to expectations. Reform Judaism that is everywhere in America is barely present and not accepted in Israel
  • Israel has no real reason to give up its land. It has almost all the power in the peace process and It feels more secure with the current limited threats than creating a state for its adversaries. No countries willingly give up land.
  • Israel is featured so prominently in the media because of its connection to the Bible, the way the Western world views the world. Israel is held to a higher standard by most and people love reading about its misdeeds or successes because of that Bible connection, so other countries where worse things could be happening get less attention.

Final Rating (out of 5): 4.0

Summer Reading Ratings

Killing Mr Lebanon by Nicholas Blanford: 4.5

In the Path of Hizbullah by Ahmad Nizar Hamzeh: 3.7

From Beirut to Jerusalem by Thomas Friedman: 4.0

Engaging the Muslim World by Juan Cole

The Inheritance by David E. Sanger

The Great War for Civilization by Robert Fisk

Written by stephenddockery

June 28, 2009 at 5:12 pm